FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL

Glaucidium brasilianum

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL FACTS:

A very small owl with a short tail, yellow eyes, and pale beak

Males: back is brownish gray with buff colored spotting; belly has white, gray, and cinnamon coloring

Females: same as males

Young: darker brownish gray than adults; belly is lighter with dark brown barring

FAMILY: Strigidae


CLOSEST RELATIVE: None

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL SIZE:

Height: Males 13-14 cm (5.1-5.5 in), Females 13-14 cm (5.1-5.5 in)

Weight: Males 41g (1.44 oz), Females 41g (1.44 oz)

Wingspan Both: 38 cm (15.0 in)

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL RANGE:

In North America only; in the U.S. found in only the desert southwest states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas; also inhabits Baja California and Mexico

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL HABITAT:

 

Cactus deserts, riparian forests, dry oak woodlands, and mesquite

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL DIET:

Mostly insects like moths, crickets, and beetles; also spiders and scorpions, also occasionally reptiles, birds and small mammals.

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL VOICE:

Males: a series of 5-15 high-pitched churp notes; male may repeat call many times during breeding season resembles the sound of a “puppy yelping”

Females: cricket like trill when fed by male; both give a single “peeu” note during nesting

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL NESTING:

Nest Site: cavity nester; nests in cactus and tree holes made by woodpeckers

Eggs: 1-5 glossy white, round to oval eggs

Incubation: 21-24 days

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL HUNTING HABITS:

Crepuscular and nocturnal; flies and hovers over the ground, capturing flying insect prey as they take flight

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL CONSERVATION STATUS: 

Not globally threatened, but sensitive in U.S.

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL DISTRIBUTION IN NORTH AMERICA

Maps provided by The Birds of North America Online and the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Ferruginous Pygmy Owl - Denver Holt
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We are so grateful to the photographers who capture owls, and our work, in the most amazing ways. They generously share their work with us, and you. Check out the works of some of the photographers whose work is featured on our site! They are incredible talented artists who are committed to wildlife conservation.

Thank you to:

Kurt Lindsay: https://kurtlindsay.smugmug.com/Nebulosa/i-7D8Wh9d

Daniel J Cox: http://naturalexposures.com

Radd Icenoggle: https://www.flickr.com/photos/radley521

Melissa Groo: https://www.melissagroo.com

Ly Dang: https://www.nature2pixels.com

Tom Murphy: https://www.tmurphywild.com/

Deborah Hanson

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