FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL

Glaucidium brasilianum

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL FACTS:

A very small owl with a short tail, yellow eyes, and pale beak

Males: back is brownish gray with buff colored spotting; belly has white, gray, and cinnamon coloring

Females: same as males

Young: darker brownish gray than adults; belly is lighter with dark brown barring

FAMILY: Strigidae


CLOSEST RELATIVE: None

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL SIZE:

Height: Males 13-14 cm (5.1-5.5 in), Females 13-14 cm (5.1-5.5 in)

Weight: Males 41g (1.44 oz), Females 41g (1.44 oz)

Wingspan Both: 38 cm (15.0 in)

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL RANGE:

In North America only; in the U.S. found in only the desert southwest states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas; also inhabits Baja California and Mexico

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL HABITAT:

 

Cactus deserts, riparian forests, dry oak woodlands, and mesquite

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL DIET:

Mostly insects like moths, crickets, and beetles; also spiders and scorpions, also occasionally reptiles, birds and small mammals.

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL VOICE:

Males: a series of 5-15 high-pitched churp notes; male may repeat call many times during breeding season resembles the sound of a “puppy yelping”

Females: cricket like trill when fed by male; both give a single “peeu” note during nesting

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL NESTING:

Nest Site: cavity nester; nests in cactus and tree holes made by woodpeckers

Eggs: 1-5 glossy white, round to oval eggs

Incubation: 21-24 days

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL HUNTING HABITS:

Crepuscular and nocturnal; flies and hovers over the ground, capturing flying insect prey as they take flight

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL CONSERVATION STATUS: 

Not globally threatened, but sensitive in U.S.

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY OWL DISTRIBUTION IN NORTH AMERICA

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Maps provided by The Birds of North America Online and the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Ferruginous Pygmy Owl - Denver Holt
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